The Zika Virus Vaccine Marathon

There is a race to find a vaccine for the zika virus pandemic; there are teams all around the world desperately trying to find the treatment for this worldwide spread. This amazing movement of these scientist trying any direction they can to find a vaccine will be on for the books.

There are many different approaches on how scientist can make a vaccine some being more riskier than others, I am going educate you about three different categories of vaccine types that are interesting and take different approaches from one another. I will also share their progress points that they are in at today time, to show where scientist are in the exploration to help millions of people all over the world.

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Image From Google Images

The first category of vaccine type is being worked on by many scientists teams, two of which are Takeda and Walter Reed. The base of their vaccine is to use a dead (inactivated) virus, this is how polio, influenza, typhoid, and cholera vaccines are made, making this way of vaccine production safe for human use. A statement from The Race for a Zika Vaccine on The New York Times mentioned “Walter Reed’s candidate entered early clinical trials in this month.” And Sanofi a pharmaceutical company has given the okay for this product to go onto the market. The only negative outcome from making a vaccine of this type is that it can take a long time to produce and perfect sometimes up to ten years.

The next category of a vaccine is a more recent new approach; a team of scientist at the N.I.H are making a DNA vaccine, which is a manufactured non toxic piece of DNA from the virus (zika) made by scientist. The vaccine will be injected into human bodies and the man made DNA will tell our bodies to make zika proteins. In the same New York Time article as above it states “Those proteins then assemble themselves into harmless virus like particles that trick the body into developing antibodies that can fight the disease if it arrives.” This version of the vaccine is expected to start testing any time now. The downside of a DNA vaccine is that it is not approved for human use yet. DNA vaccines have been made for other viruses but have shown to be not effevtive since not all the DNA reaches the nucleus of a cell every time, without the DNA reaching the nucleus the body cannot start to produce the proteins making the vaccine powerless. Vaccines are already being tested in Latin America, since December is the hottest of their summer.

The last vaccine I will be mentioning is being worked on by GlaxoSmithKline and Moderna Therapeutics. A statement from a The New York Time post linked above said “companies are trying a similar method that uses RNA, a molecule in the body that is more flexible than DNA.” RNA carries the same instructions that a DNA would carry in a vaccine.The difference between this vaccine and the DNA vaccine is that the RNA vaccine does not have to enter the nucleus of a cell in order to make the body produce proteins to fight off the virus. This vaccine method is still in their beginning phase.

There are many reasons why scientist want to produce the best vaccine for the zika virus spread some companies are doing it for money, others may be doing it to bring a name to their company, and many are doing it to save lives. No matter what the reason is for it is a race for who can make this vaccine first which is not a bad thing in my eyes. I cannot wait to see how fast this vaccine is made, that will save so many lives all over the world from its horrible side effects on fetuses. We hope to see a vaccine as quick as 2018.

 

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Awareness Poster

 

Unknown-4.jpegImage From Google Images

I created my poster to promote not traveling to zika-infested areas, specifically encouraging women between the ages eighteen and thirty five who are in the childbearing age range to not travel to those areas because their health and future child’s health is put into great risk.

This poster has shocking detailed imagery that shows the effects of microcephaly which could happen to your child. This is only just an illustration, but if you had a child that is effected by microcephaly you would noticeably see that they have a much smaller head where their brain would be. This photo not only has a side by side of the an effected child and the none effected child, there is also a dotted circle that creates an empty white space of where there head is supposed to be at and where it is. This points out the conditions in a very noticeable way. The babies faces in the illustration are not expressing a happy or sad emotion in the photo, they just have closed eyes as if they’re sleeping, showing their innocents in this situation that they are born with. This shows the harsh reality of what could happen in a very alarming and blunt, not traveling to infected areas can protect them and their innocents so they can be more healthy.

Now this poster is also color correlated to its self to show whom is reading that there is direction and safety. All images in this poster are white contrasting to the other colors in this poster so if you were not to read anything but one word you could see the that this poster has to do with microcephaly, traveling and misquotes since zika virus is such a hot topic people will be able to apply that as well. Now for the wording in this poster it is all black, any information given on this poster is in black to show its seriousness of the words and to make locating the information easier. The background color of this poster is a bright eye catching yellow color that fuses into a warm orange tone because zika virus mosquitos are mostly found in warm climates and warmer colors give a feel of a more intense situation rather then cool tones that give a calming feeling.

I created this poster to give awareness to women of childbearing age so they know the risk they are taking when they travel to zika virus infested places. The word attention in caps and all black surrounded by white makes it stand out so it can pop out and catch a person’s eye bringing attention to the poster. The airplanes at the bottom shows the viewer that it is not only close destinations but ones far, where you would have to take plane.

My creation is meant to spread knowledge to women of children having ages, the risks they take when they travel to zika virus infested areas, not traveling will increase the health and safety of their future children and traveling to those areas may create a huge health risk for them and especially there future children that will last a life time.